Setting Up A Poultry Farm Has The Following Basic Requirements:
A company’s pre-requisites are land, capital, labor, and an entrepreneur. The first step to starting up a poultry farm is to understand the types of chicken farming.
- Egg layers – These chickens are primarily raised for their eggs
- Broiler chickens – These chickens are raised for meat. When hatched, these are ready for sale within 12 weeks.
- Also bred for meat production, cockerels take about 24 weeks to make it to marketable or saleable condition. In contrast to layers and broilers, these are the most reliable and can withstand most weather conditions.
To start a poultry farm, it is important to determine what kind of chickens one wants to raise. Quality knowledge of chickens and eggs is required. The best way to start is on a small scale since one can learn the business trends from a small start. To succeed in business, it is imperative to learn the business, have time to supervise, and invest the right amount. The products must be targeted at the right marketplace and have a proper business plan to ensure success. Planned and managed business progress has to be maintained at every stage.
For starting a poultry business, you need about 120 square meters of land. Places away from residential areas or those that do not disturb the neighboring residents should be chosen as the smell may disturb neighbors.
A chicken cage is also necessary to manage and maintain chickens. There is no charge for it. The chicken cage must offer enough room for the chickens to roam freely. It is imperative that chickens have adequate ventilation and air circulation in order to prevent suffocation.
Lastly, you should buy some chickens that are just born to start the business and some eggs so that you can at least make a profit till the chickens are grown and produce eggs and meat. There should be close supervision during the first seven to nine weeks of raising chickens. A source of external heat is necessary to maintain their body temperature.
A chicken’s care is an essential prerequisite – they should be checked four to five times a day, and kept away from other animals, predators, and children. As a source of heat, they need enough light. Grown into pullets/cockerels, which then become hens/roosters, the chicks become pullets/cockerels.
As the business grows day by day, its management has to be taken care of more than before, the accounts and working of various departments should be properly checked and records should be maintained as of production and sale, profit and loss, etc. Cost is also incurred on advertisement and promotional expenses, which leads a business towards expansion and growth. Such advertisements are necessary as this help to meet the customers.
It is important to keep the poultry farm registration process clean so that chickens won’t get infected and die, which would lead to a loss of income. Vaccinations must be administered periodically to chickens.